Britain declared the end of its colonial rule over the subcontinent and passed the Indian Independence Act [PDF], which divided the region into Muslim-majority Pakistan and secular India, whose population was predominantly Hindu. Violent clashes between Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims ensued, and up to a million people died in bloodshed amid the forced migration of up to twenty million people. The United States and India sign a Memorandum of Understanding in New Delhi to promote closer cooperation in the field of cybersecurity. The agreement aims to fulfill one of the pillars of the strategic dialogue between the United States and India. Critically analyze the benefits of the four basic agreements signed between India and the United States. Are they jeopardizing India`s strategic autonomy? (250 words) indianexpress.com/article/explained/beca-india-us-trade-agreements-rajnath-singh-mike-pompeo-6906637/ At a rally in Ahmedabad with more than a hundred thousand listeners, President Trump praises US-India relations and Prime Minister Modi`s leadership. The two leaders announce their intention to work together on drug control and mental health. India agrees to buy $3 billion worth of U.S. military equipment, and U.S. oil company ExxonMobil announces a deal with state-owned Indian Oil Corporation. Despite years of negotiations to resolve trade issues, officials fail to reach an agreement, with divisions over agricultural products, tariffs and other areas remaining.
Amid Trump`s visit, deadly clashes erupt in New Delhi between Hindus and Muslims over a controversial citizenship law. Trump does not publicly mention violence or take a firm stance on the law, which critics say discriminates against Muslims. As already mentioned, it marks above all the strengthening of mutual trust and a commitment to the long-term strategic relationship. With these important defense pacts, U.S.-India cooperation can be more structured and effective than in episodic thrusts. India-US relations are touted as the most formative partnership of the 21st century. The agreements only confirm the perception. India will benefit greatly from the defence pacts in terms of military readiness and technology transfer. Although this is a clear and decisive departure from the hesitation of the past, it must be borne in mind that the hesitation of the past was not without reason. We must protect our sovereign right to shape our foreign policy and preserve the strategic autonomy necessary to act in our own interests. theprint.in/defence/the-3-foundational-agreements-with-us-and-what-they-mean-for-indias-military-growth/531795/ Yes, the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) was signed on October 27, 2020 between the governments of India and the United States. The agreement covers the exchange of geoinformation between the two countries, improving the operational efficiency of U.S.
platforms currently operated by India. The deal comes against the backdrop of deteriorating U.S.-China relations and the recent India-China border dispute in the Galwan Valley. India detonates its first atomic bomb, making it the first nation outside the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council to declare its nuclear capabilities. This decision adds to a period of alienation between the United States and India that lasted more than two decades. Deputy National Security Adviser Robert Gates is visiting India and Pakistan to defuse tensions over the rapid escalation of the kashmiri insurgency. The trip takes place in fear of a possible nuclear war between Pakistan and India. www.firstpost.com/india/building-upon-us-connection-a-look-at-implications-of-india-signing-all-four-foundational-agreements-8961911.html Manmohan Singh is visiting Washington during his last visit to the United States as Prime Minister of India. The trip, which focuses on security, trade, immigration reform and the civil nuclear deal, is the third meeting between Singh and Obama in four years. This comes against the backdrop of domestic problems in Delhi, a struggling Indian economy and a government shutdown that is crippling Washington. www.sundayguardianlive.com/news/india-us-military-ties-reach-unprecedented-heights This could be the key to cooperation between India and the US between the Air Force and the Air Force. Just as your radio taxi (or your smartphone`s GPS) helps you focus on the way to your destination and reach it quickly and efficiently, BECA provides Indian military systems with high-quality GPS to navigate missiles with real-time intelligence to precisely attack the enemy. Some of the first shipments of Indian mangoes arrived in the United States, ending an eighteen-year ban on imports of these fruits.
The ban was lifted as part of a 2006 agreement between President Bush and Prime Minister Singh to double trade between the countries within three years. In response, India said it would ease restrictions on the import of Harley-Davidson motorcycles from the United States. Bilateral trade in goods and services amounted to about $45 billion in 2006 and reached more than $70 billion in 2010, according to the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. President Obama is making his second visit to India as head of state for India`s Republic Day celebrations. Announcing the relationship between the world`s two largest democracies, the president said, «America can be India`s best partner.» Obama and Prime Minister Modi announce a breakthrough on nuclear-related issues that could help implement the U.S.-India civil nuclear deal. Six months later, US Defense Secretary Ashton Carter and Indian Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar signed documents extending the ten-year framework defense agreement between the United States and India. | The signing of BECA creates the conditions for comprehensive security cooperation between the United States and India and serves the long-term interests of both. Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru meets with U.S. President Harry S.
Truman during a weeks-long tour of the United States. The trip precedes the official proclamation of India`s neutrality in the developing Cold War, in which it would assume a leadership role within the Non-Aligned Movement. This sets the tone for US-India relations during the Cold War, creating restrictions in relations as well as the possibility of a friendship between Delhi and Moscow. www.timesnownews.com/india/article/india-and-us-to-finalise-beca-what-the-key-military-pact-means-for-indias-security/669925 www.thehindu.com/news/national/lac-face-off-doklam-was-a-game-changer-for-chinese-thought-on-india-scholar/article31989759.ece signing of BECA will enable India and the United States to act together and become in a better position to shape the regional and global environment for peace and stability. However, the two countries should not glorify this signing, because these agreements are not an end in themselves, but a means to an end greater – the security and prosperity of its citizens. Modi is making his first visit as prime minister to the United States to attract investment and consolidate the strategic partnership between the United States and India. Modi`s events include a sold-out speech at New York`s Madison Square Garden and meetings with U.S. leaders. In Washington, Modi and President Obama agree on a memorandum of understanding between the Export-Import Bank and an Indian energy agency that will provide up to $1 billion to help India develop low-carbon energy alternatives and support U.S.
renewable energy exports to India. At the recent meeting of Prime Minister Modi and President Obama at the White House, the United States elevated India to the rank of a major defense partner, a status that no other country has. .